The rapid development of teleneurology is allowing improve neurological assistance to remote areas, facilitate follow-up of neurological patients, and improve communication between primary care and neurology professionals. Teleneurology benefits both emergency and ambulatory care, and remote monitoring, reducing costs and displacements, especially in the care for chronic patients. It does not substitute face-to-face care, but it is a complement. The use of mobile devices allows to extend the scope of teleneurology to a greater number of situations by facilitating its practice with less cost. The development of projects in teleneurology requires leadership, continuous adaptation to the needs of the patient, availability of technical resources, adequate training and enough time in the professionals’ appointment book. Due its rapid growth beyond telestroke, the development of a training programme in teleneurology for residents and specialists in neurology, including the knowledge, attitudes, skills, competencies and training is required.